1 Xmerl Release Notes

This document describes the changes made to the Xmerl application.

1.1  Xmerl 1.3.16

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Removed all old unused files in the documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-14475 Aux Id: ERL-409, PR-1493

1.2  Xmerl 1.3.15

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Improves accumulator fun in xmerl_scan so that only one #xmlText record is returned for strings which have character references.

    (Thanks to Jimmy Zöger)

    Own Id: OTP-14377 Aux Id: PR-1369

1.3  Xmerl 1.3.14

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A couple of bugs are fixed in the sax parser (xmerl_sax_parser).

    • The continuation function was not called correctly when the XML directive was fragmented.
    • When the event callback modules (xmerl_sax_old_dom and xmerl_sax_simple) got an endDocument event at certain conditions the parser crashed.
    • Replaced internal ets table with map to avoid table leakage.

    Own Id: OTP-14430

1.4  Xmerl 1.3.13

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The namespace_conformant option in xmerl_scan did not work when parsing documents without explicit XML namespace declaration.

    Own Id: OTP-14139

  • Fix a "well-formedness" bug in the XML Sax parser so it returns an error if there are something more in the file after the matching document. If one using the xmerl_sax_parser:stream() a rest is allowed which then can be sent to a new call of xmerl_sax_parser:stream() to parse next document.

    This is done to be compliant with XML conformance tests.

    Own Id: OTP-14211

  • Fixed compiler and dialyzer warnings in the XML SAX parser.

    Own Id: OTP-14212

  • Change how to interpret end of document in the XML SAX parser to comply with Tim Brays comment on the standard. This makes it possible to handle more than one doc on a stream, the standard makes it impossible to know when the document is ended without waiting for the next document (and not always even that).

    Tim Brays comment:

    Trailing "Misc"
    The fact that you're allowed some trailing junk after the root element, I decided (but unfortunately too late) is a real design error in XML. If I'm writing a network client, I'm probably going to close the link as soon as a I see the root element end-tag, and not depend on the other end closing it down properly.
    Furthermore, if I want to send a succession of XML documents over a network link, if I find a processing instruction after a root element, is it a trailer on the previous document, or part of the prolog of the next?

    Own Id: OTP-14213

1.5  Xmerl 1.3.12

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix a number of broken links in the xmerl documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-13880

1.6  Xmerl 1.3.11

Improvements and New Features

  • Internal changes

    Own Id: OTP-13551

1.7  Xmerl 1.3.10

Improvements and New Features

  • Suppress Dialyzer warnings.

    Own Id: OTP-12862

1.8  Xmerl 1.3.9

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Removed the built-in definitions of xml.xsd from the xmerl_xsd module.

    Own Id: OTP-13070

1.9  Xmerl 1.3.8

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Remove compiler warnings in xmerl.

    Own Id: OTP-12689

1.10  Xmerl 1.3.7

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Application upgrade (appup) files are corrected for the following applications:

    asn1, common_test, compiler, crypto, debugger, dialyzer, edoc, eldap, erl_docgen, et, eunit, gs, hipe, inets, observer, odbc, os_mon, otp_mibs, parsetools, percept, public_key, reltool, runtime_tools, ssh, syntax_tools, test_server, tools, typer, webtool, wx, xmerl

    A new test utility for testing appup files is added to test_server. This is now used by most applications in OTP.

    (Thanks to Tobias Schlager)

    Own Id: OTP-11744

1.11  Xmerl 1.3.6

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed a problem in the SAX parser when the header of the next document was appearing in the buffer when using xmerl_sax_parser:stream/2 function.

    Own Id: OTP-11551 Aux Id: seq12505

Improvements and New Features

  • The default encoding of Erlang files has been changed from ISO-8859-1 to UTF-8.

    The encoding of XML files has also been changed to UTF-8.

    Own Id: OTP-10907

1.12  Xmerl 1.3.5

Improvements and New Features

  • Teach xmerl_xpath to resolve context namespaces in more cases. Thanks to Daniel White.

    Own Id: OTP-11461

  • Avoid serialization on code_server in xmerl:export(). Thanks to Richard Carlsson.

    Own Id: OTP-11463

1.13  Xmerl 1.3.4

Improvements and New Features

  • Fixed various typos in xmerl documentation. Thanks to David Welton.

    Own Id: OTP-11224

1.14  Xmerl 1.3.3

Improvements and New Features

  • Where necessary a comment stating encoding has been added to Erlang files. The comment is meant to be removed in Erlang/OTP R17B when UTF-8 becomes the default encoding.

    Own Id: OTP-10630

  • Some examples overflowing the width of PDF pages have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-10665

1.15  Xmerl 1.3.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix a continuation bug when a new block of bytes is to be read during parsing of a default declaration.

    Own Id: OTP-10063 Aux Id: seq12049

1.16  Xmerl 1.3.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Add missing spaces in xmerl doc (Thanks to Ricardo Catalinas Jiménez)

    Own Id: OTP-9873

  • Fixed a continuation error in the sax parser and added latin1 as recognized encoding (not only the iso-8859 variants).

    Own Id: OTP-9961

  • Removed the unused file xmerl_xlink.hrl. Thanks to Vlad Dumitrescu for informing us about it.

    Own Id: OTP-9965

  • xmerl couldn't handle comments inside a type specification.

    Own Id: OTP-10023

  • Fix some small errors in the sax parser: error message bug, removal of trailing blanks in DTD element definitions and an documentation error of the startDTD event in xmerl_sax_parser module.

    Own Id: OTP-10026

1.17  Xmerl 1.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix character check of non-characters due to change in unicode module.

    Own Id: OTP-9670

  • Treat , as special in xmerl_xpath_scan. (Thanks to Anneli Cuss)

    Own Id: OTP-9753

  • Fix bug in namespace handling for attributes when the namespace_conformant flag is set to true.

    Own Id: OTP-9821

Improvements and New Features

  • Updates to the xml scanner

    • xmerl_scan is now returning xmlComment records in the output.

      Functions xmerl_scan:file/2 and xmerl_scan:string/2 now accepts a new option {comments, Flag} for filtering of comments.
      Default (true) is that #xmlComment records are returned from the scanner and this flag should be set to false if one don't want comments in the output.

    • Add default_attrs option

      When default_attrs is true any attribute with a default value defined in the doctype but not in the attribute axis of the currently scanned element is added to it.

    • Allow whole documents to be returned

      Functions xmerl_scan:file/2 and xmerl_scan:string/2 now accepts a new option {document, true} to produce a whole document as a xmlDocument record instead of just the root element node.
      This option is the only way to get to the top-level comments and processing instructions without hooking through the customization functions. Those nodes are needed to implement [Canonical XML][c14n-xml] support.
      [c14n-xml]: http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/PR-xml-c14n11-20080129/ Canonical XML

    • Parents and namespace are tracked in #xmlAttribute nodes

    • Parents are tracked in #xmlPI nodes

    • Set vsn field in #xmlDecl record

    • Fix namespace-conformance constraints

      See [Namespaces in XML 1.0 (Third Edition)][1]: The prefix xml is by definition bound to the namespace name http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace. It MAY, but need not, be declared, and MUST NOT be bound to any other namespace name. Other prefixes MUST NOT be bound to this namespace name, and it MUST NOT be declared as the default namespace.
      The prefix xmlns is used only to declare namespace bindings and is by definition bound to the namespace name http://www.w3.org/2000/xmlns/. It MUST NOT be declared . Other prefixes MUST NOT be bound to this namespace name, and it MUST NOT be declared as the default namespace. Element names MUST NOT have the prefix xmlns.
      In XML documents conforming to this specification, no tag may contain two attributes which have identical names, or have qualified names with the same local part and with prefixes which have been bound to namespace names that are identical.
      [1] http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/

    Updates of xmerl's Xpath functionality.

    • Add #xmlPI support to xmerl_xpath:write_node/1

    • Fix processing-instruction(name?)

    • Fix path filters, support more top-level primary expressions

    • Accumulate comments in element nodes

    • Implement namespace axis

      Namespace nodes are represented as #xmlNsNode records. Now that the namespace axis is correctly implemented, attributes nodes corresponding to attributes that declare namespaces are ignored.
      See [5.3 Attribute Nodes][xpath-5.3]:
      There are no attribute nodes corresponding to attributes that declare namespaces.
      [xpath-5.3]: http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath/#attribute-nodes

    (Thanks to Anthony Ramine)


    Own Id: OTP-9664

  • Eliminate use of deprecated regexp module

    Own Id: OTP-9810

1.18  Xmerl 1.2.10

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed a schema search bug in xmerl_xsd.

    A new flag was needed in the xsd_state record so if the state is saved there is an incompatibility and a state conversion is needed.

    *** INCOMPATIBILITY with R14B03 ***

    Own Id: OTP-9410

  • Fixed xmerl_scan problems with entities in attribute values.

    Own Id: OTP-9411

  • Streaming bug in xmerl_scan.

    If the continuation_fun runs out of input at the end of an attribute value then it crashed. (Thanks to Simon Cornish)

    Own Id: OTP-9457

  • Fixed xmerl_ucs UCS2 little endian en/decoding

    Corrected number of shift bytes in xmerl_ucs:char_to_ucs2le and recursive call from from_ucs2le to from_ucs4le. (Thanks to Michal Ptaszek)

    Own Id: OTP-9548

  • Add latin9 (iso-8859-15) support in xmerl_ucs (Thanks to David Julien)

    Own Id: OTP-9552

  • Improve spelling throughout documentation, code comments and error messages

    Own Id: OTP-9555

1.19  Xmerl 1.2.9

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix minor typos and improve punctuation in the xmerl_xpath @doc comment (Thanks to Marcus Marinelli)

    Own Id: OTP-9187

  • Prevent xmerl from over-normalizing character references in attributes

    Section 3.3.3 of the XML Recommendation gives the rules for attribute-value normalization. One of those rules requires that character references not be re-normalized after being replaced with the referenced characters. (Thanks to Tom Moertel)

    Own Id: OTP-9274

  • Fixed the default encoding option in SAX parser.

    Own Id: OTP-9288

Improvements and New Features

  • Added the xmerl test suites and examples to the open source distribution.

    Own Id: OTP-9228

1.20  Xmerl 1.2.8

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The function xmerl_lib:expand_content/1 is mainly for expanding Simple XML, but can also handle xmerl records. This patch fixes an omission that caused expand_content/1 to not maintain the parents list when expanding #xmlElement{} records. (Thanks to Ulf Wiger)

    Own Id: OTP-9034

Improvements and New Features

  • Removed some dialyzer warnings.

    Own Id: OTP-9074

1.21  Xmerl 1.2.7

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • An empty element declared as simpleContent was not properly validated.

    Own Id: OTP-8599

  • Fix format_man_pages so it handles all man sections and remove warnings/errors in various man pages.

    Own Id: OTP-8600

Improvements and New Features

  • Fix entity checking so there are no fatal errors for undefined entities when option skip_external_dtd is used.

    Own Id: OTP-8947

1.22  Xmerl 1.2.6

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed problem with hex entities in UTF-8 documents: When a document was in UTF-8 encoding, xmerl_scan improperly replaced hex entities by the UTF-8 bytes instead of returning the character, as it does with inline UTF-8 text and decimal entities. (Thanks to Paul Guyot.)

    Own Id: OTP-8697

1.23  Xmerl 1.2.5

Improvements and New Features

  • All Erlang files are now built by the test server instead of the test directory Makefile.

    Erlang files in data directories are now built by the test suites instead of using prebuilt versions under version control.

    Removed a number of obsolete guards.

    Own Id: OTP-8537

  • An empty element declared as a simpleContent was not properly validated.

    Own Id: OTP-8599

1.24  Xmerl 1.2.4

Improvements and New Features

  • Updated the documentation Makefile to work with the new documentation build process.

    Own Id: OTP-8343

1.25  Xmerl 1.2.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A continuation clause of parse_reference/3 had its parameters in wrong order.

    Own Id: OTP-8251 Aux Id: seq11429

Improvements and New Features

  • A new option to turn off the parsing of an external DTD is added to xmerl_sax_parser:file/2 and xmerl_sax_parser:stream/2 (skip_external_dtd).

    Own Id: OTP-8252 Aux Id: seq11432

  • The documentation is now built with open source tools (xsltproc and fop) that exists on most platforms. One visible change is that the frames are removed.

    Own Id: OTP-8253

1.26  Xmerl 1.2.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • xmerl_sax_parse:stream/2 failed with {fatal_error,_, "Continuation function undefined, and more data needed",_,_} when no continuation function was defined even though it was a complete document as input.

    Own Id: OTP-8213

  • The namespace URI supplied on unprefixed attributes in startElement tuples is the same as the URI for the default namespace. According to the standard the namespace for an unprefixed attribute should always has no value.

    Own Id: OTP-8214

1.27  Xmerl 1.2.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • xmerl/include/xmerl.hrl contained internal debug macros (dbg/2 and DBG/0) which now is moved to xmerl_internal.hrl.

    Own Id: OTP-8084

  • The function xmerl_uri:parse/1 couldn't handle FTP URIs containing username and password. The default FTP port constant was also wrong. (Thanks to Steve Vinoski)

    Own Id: OTP-8156

Improvements and New Features

  • The SAX parser couldn't handle consecutive documents on the same stream. The return values are now changed so they return a rest value instead of giving an error about "erranous information after the end tag".

    This means that the functions file/2 and stream/2 now returns {ok, EventState, Rest} when the parsing is correct. The rest can then be used as input to a new call to xmerl_sax_parse:stream/2. If one know that it's just one document the rest value in the result tuple can be matched against <<>> or [] depending on if the input is in binary form or not.

    Own Id: OTP-8153 Aux Id: seq11388

1.28  Xmerl 1.2

Improvements and New Features

In xmerl-1.2 we have added the first Beta version of the new SAX parser (module: xmerl_sax_parser), it supports XML 1.0. We call it Beta due to that the validation part is not ready yet and that the parser still has some known limitations (mostly in the DTD area).

Known limitations:

  • the external DTD in the DOCTYPE declaration is handled but other external entities are not supported.
  • the general entity values are just checked in the structure after replacement.
  • parsed entities are supported on markup declaration level (e.g. partly replacement of markup declaration with PEReference is not supported).
  • conditionalSect in external DTD's are not supported.
  • recursive loops in entity declarations are not detected.

The version is increased from 1.1.12 to 1.2 is due to that the new parser is dependent on the Unicode support that was added in OTP R13B. The old xmerl functionality is not changed.

Own Id: OTP-6635

1.29  Xmerl 1.1.12

Improvements and New Features

  • Updated copyright notice in source files

    Own Id: OTP-7847

1.30  Xmerl 1.1.11

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • An empty element with a complexType and simpleContent was not properly validated. This error is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7736

1.31  Xmerl 1.1.10

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Changed the examples in Customization Functions Tutorial to correct Erlang code.

    Own Id: OTP-6053

  • Some XPath errors solved, typo in compare function '!=', error in id() function.

    Own Id: OTP-6792 Aux Id: seq10570

  • The XPath function contains() now implemented. See XPath 1.0 section 4.2.

    Own Id: OTP-6873

  • Fixed that xmerl_xsd:process_schema/2 with {xsdbase, Dirname} failed with enoent and a number of inor documentation bugs in xmerl_xsd reference manual.

    Own Id: OTP-7165

  • Fixed xmerl_scan's problem with numeric character references followed by UTF-8 characters in the contents.

    Own Id: OTP-7430

  • Fixed an incorrect guard for xmerl_scan:to_ucs/2.

    Own Id: OTP-7473

  • Some bug corrections of xmerl XPath implementation, most provided by Matthew Dempsky.

    Own Id: OTP-7496

  • Now with string() and name() all XPath functions are implemented. The string representation of QName by name() is "{Namespace URI}local-name".

    Own Id: OTP-7510

1.32  Xmerl 1.1.9

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A number of minor scanner faults have got more clear error messages.

    Own Id: OTP-5998, Aux Id: seq9803

  • An example error in the Xmerl Users Guide is corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-6947

  • When xmerl_xsd:validate was executed the schema table in the state was deleted and next execution would fail. This is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7288

1.33  Xmerl 1.1.8

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A Kleene Closure child in a sequence consumed all following children. This problem has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-7211

  • Now validating xhtml1-transitional.dtd. A certain contentspec with a succeeding choice, that didn't match all content, followed by other child elements caused a failure. This is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7214

1.34  Xmerl 1.1.7

Improvements and New Features

  • xmerl's schema validation now takes default facets into account

    Own Id: OTP-7190

1.35  Xmerl 1.1.6

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Parsing XML with option {validation,schema} is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-6773

  • union type is now supported

    Own Id: OTP-6877 Aux Id: seq10755

  • Now xmerl validates as expected when a sequence has a present group member and a following element.

    Own Id: OTP-6910

1.36  Xmerl 1.1.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The head of a substitutionGroup may have type anyType and thus allow members of any type. This was an oversight, but is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-6720

  • A recursive group reference in a redefine refers to the definition in the redefined schema. See 4.2.2 in XMLSchema part1 "Schema Representation Constraint: Individual Component Redefinition" bullet 2.

    Own Id: OTP-6739

  • Solved some content model problems, for instance in some cases failed when more than one choice.

    Own Id: OTP-6752

1.37  Xmerl 1.1.4

Improvements and New Features

  • An additional format is possible for the simple syntax: {Fun, State}. The fun should retrieve the replacement in simple syntax format. The semantics of fun: fun(State) -> code that creates replacement, then returns {SimpleSyntax,NewState} | done

    Own Id: OTP-6679

1.38  Xmerl 1.1.3

Improvements and New Features

  • Memory consumption decreased: moved transforming from utf-8 to unicode from an extra pass of the document to the occasion when a character is parsed. Removed use of lists:subtract. Those changes also speeds up parsing in some scenarios.

    Own Id: OTP-6599 Aux Id: seq10552

1.39  Xmerl 1.1.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Schema processor reprocessed schemas that already were processed, using process_schemas on a system of schemas with circular dependencies.

    Own Id: OTP-6460 Aux Id: seq10564

Improvements and New Features

  • Dialyzer warnings now removed, i.e. dead code have been removed.

    Own Id: OTP-6507

1.40  Xmerl 1.1.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Bug in xmerl removed so that simple syntax element content is exported correctly.

    Own Id: OTP-6402 Aux Id: OTP-6099

1.41  Xmerl 1.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Xmerl failed to parse and export with the sax_file front-end. Therefore hook function calls were added in the parser and handling of text content were changed.

    Own Id: OTP-6043

  • Bug in xmerl removed so that simple syntax element content is exported correctly.

    Own Id: OTP-6099

Improvements and New Features

  • xmerl now supports XMLSchema validation. Documentation in reference manual for xmerl. The release of XMLSchema validation should be considered as a beta release. The user interface may still be adjusted in a coming release. Opinions and evaluations are welcome.

    Own Id: OTP-6401

1.42  xmerl 1.0.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Code that caused compiler warnings has been reviewed.

1.43  xmerl 1.0.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • xmerl behaved strange parsing a XML-document with a copyright sign in a comment.

    Own Id: OTP-5599

  • Line count for error messages in DTD improved, still problem because of ENTITY expansions. Didn't delete digraphs after recursion test. Now correctly parsing of declaration separators [28a-b].

    Own Id: OTP-5718

  • Failed to validate a XML file with a content spec that had a choice of which one element was a sequence with optional elements, and all elements of that sequence were missing

    Own Id: OTP-5734

  • Location paths for document root and attributes is now working as expected.

    Own Id: OTP-5895

  • Now has the last() predicate in the XPATH modules the properties specified in ch 2.4 in the XPATH spec, i.e. if last() evaluates to a number other than the context position it is false, otherwise true.

    Own Id: OTP-5902

  • The location path of a single wildcard now only selects element nodes.

    Own Id: OTP-5905

1.44  Xmerl 1.0.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Removed call of undefined function in xmerl_lib.

    Own Id: OTP-5587

1.45  Xmerl 1.0.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Better identification of errors in xml code.

    Own Id: OTP-5498 Aux Id: seq9803

  • Some minor bugs fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-5500

  • Parser failed on PE reference as EnumeratedType AttType, now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-5531

1.46  Xmerl 1.0.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed bug in xmerl_xpath. Xpath expressions that select nodes of type text() didn't work, like "context/text()", "child::text()", "descendant::text()".

    Own Id: OTP-5268 Aux Id: seq9656

  • Minor bugs fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-5301

1.47  Xmerl 1.0

Improvements and New Features

  • The OTP release of xmerl 1.0 is mainly the same as xmerl-0.20 of http://sowap.sourceforge.net/. It is capable of parsing XML 1.0. There have only been minor improvements: Some bugs that caused an unexpected crash when parsing bad XML. Failure report that also tells which file that caused an error.

    Own Id: OTP-5174