Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

Reference Manual

Version 5.4.4

Table of Contents

snmpm_user

Module

snmpm_user

Module Summary

Behaviour module for the SNMP manager user.

Description

This module defines the behaviour of the manager user. A snmpm_user compliant module must export the following functions:

  • handle_error/3

  • handle_agent/4

  • handle_pdu/4

  • handle_trap/3

  • handle_inform/3

  • handle_report/3

  • handle_invalid_result/2

The semantics of them and their exact signatures are explained below.

Some of the function has no defined return value (void()), they can of course return anything. But the functions that do have specified return value(s) must adhere to this. None of the functions can use exit of throw to return.

If the manager is not configured to use any particular transport domain, the behaviour handle_agent/4 will for backwards copmpatibility reasons be called with the old IpAddr and PortNumber arguments

DATA TYPES

snmp_gen_info() = {ErrorStatus :: atom(), 
                   ErrorIndex  :: pos_integer(), 
                   Varbinds    :: [snmp:varbind()]}
snmp_v1_trap_info() :: {Enteprise :: snmp:oid(), 
                        Generic   :: integer(), 
                        Spec      :: integer(), 
                        Timestamp :: integer(), 
                        Varbinds  :: [snmp:varbind()]}

Exports

Types

ReqId = integer()
Reason = {unexpected_pdu, SnmpInfo} | {invalid_sec_info, SecInfo, SnmpInfo} | {empty_message, Addr, Port} | term()
SnmpInfo = snmp_gen_info()
SecInfo = term()
Addr = ip_address()
Port = integer()
UserData = term()

This function is called when the manager needs to communicate an "asynchronous" error to the user: e.g. failure to send an asynchronous message (i.e. encoding error), a received message was discarded due to security error, the manager failed to generate a response message to a received inform-request, or when receiving an unexpected PDU from an agent (could be an expired async request).

If ReqId is less then 0, it means that this information was not available to the manager (that info was never retrieved before the message was discarded).

For SnmpInfo see handle_agent below.

Types

Domain = transportDomainUdpIpv4 | transportDomainUdpIpv6
Type = pdu | trap | report | inform
SnmpInfo = SnmpPduInfo | SnmpTrapInfo | SnmpReportInfo | SnmpInformInfo
SnmpPduInfo = snmp_gen_info()
SnmpTrapInfo = snmp_v1_trap_info()
SnmpReportInfo = snmp_gen_info()
SnmpInformInfo = snmp_gen_info()
UserData = term()
Reply = ignore | {register, UserId, TargetName, AgentConfig}
UserId = term()
TargetName = target_name()
AgentConfig = [agent_config()]

This function is called when a message is received from an unknown agent.

Note that this will always be the default user that is called.

For more info about the agent_config(), see register_agent.

The arguments Type and SnmpInfo relates in the following way:

The only user which would return {register, UserId, TargetName, AgentConfig} is the default user.

Types

TargetName = target_name()
ReqId = term()
SnmpPduInfo = snmp_gen_info()
UserData = term()

Handle the reply to an asynchronous request, such as async_get, async_get_next or async_set.

It could also be a late reply to a synchronous request.

ReqId is returned by the asynchronous request function.

Types

TargetName = TargetName2 = target_name()
SnmpTrapInfo = snmp_v1_trap_info() | snmp_gen_info()
UserData = term()
Reply = ignore | unregister | {register, UserId, TargetName2, AgentConfig}
UserId = term()
AgentConfig = [agent_config()]

Handle a trap/notification message from an agent.

For more info about the agent_config(), see register_agent

The only user which would return {register, UserId, TargetName2, agent_info()} is the default user.

Types

TargetName = TargetName2 = target_name()
SnmpInformInfo = snmp_gen_info()
UserData = term()
Reply = ignore | no_reply | unregister | {register, UserId, TargetName2, AgentConfig}
UserId = term()
AgentConfig = [agent_config()]

Handle a inform message.

For more info about the agent_config(), see register_agent

The only user which would return {register, UserId, TargetName2, AgentConfig} is the default user.

If the inform request behaviour configuration option is set to user or {user, integer()}, the response (acknowledgment) to this inform-request will be sent when this function returns.

Types

TargetName = TargetName2 = target_name()
Addr = ip_address()
Port = integer()
SnmpReportInfo = snmp_gen_info()
UserData = term()
Reply = ignore | unregister | {register, UserId, TargetName2, AgentConfig}
UserId = term()
AgentConfig = [agent_config()]

Handle a report message.

For more info about the agent_config(), see register_agent

The only user which would return {register, UserId, TargetName2, AgentConfig} is the default user.

OTP R16B03

Types

IN = {Func, Args}
Func = atom()
Args = list()
OUT = {crash, CrashInfo} | {result, InvalidResult}
CrashInfo = {ErrorType, Error, Stacktrace}
ErrorType = atom()
Error = term()
Stacktrace = list()
InvalidResult = term()

If any of the other callback functions crashes (exit, throw or a plain crash) or return an invalid result (if a valid return has been specified), this function is called. The purpose is to allow the user handle this error (for instance to issue an error report).

IN reprecents the function called (and its arguments). OUT represents the unexpected/invalid result.