[erlang-questions] Heavy duty UDP server performance

Chandru <>
Tue Feb 2 21:05:41 CET 2016


Hi,

Can you share some information about how you are setting up your UDP
sockets? Buffer sizes, active mode etc? Are all 400 clients sending to the
same UDP socket?

cheers,
Chandru

On 1 February 2016 at 19:40, Ameretat Reith <>
wrote:

> I'm playing with Erlang to make an experimental protocol.  I'm trying
> to make it use full of 1Gbit link but It won't scale that much and I'm
> failing to found a bottleneck in my code or even anything I could call
> it bottleneck.
>
> My software is very like a messaging server software in behavior, with
> bigger packets, many clients (more than 4k) and uses more complex
> sub-components, like a distributed database but those components are
> not blocking other portions of system;  It's just the client-server
> channel that is heavy IO and involve some encryption and decryption.
>
> I made a gen_server process for each UDP socket to clients.  There is a
> central process registry but It being called just for new clients and
> Its message queue is often empty.
>
> I found there was a bottleneck in `scheduler_wait` when I had few
> clients (around 400) and It consumed around 50% of total CPU usage.  I
> found an old patch by Wei Cao [1] which seemed to target same issue.
> But on a modern version of Erlang (18.0) blockage in `scheduler_wait`
> dropped well in more congested network, specifically to around 10%
> when my software reached Its apparent limit, around 600Mbit/s read and
> write to network. At this point my incoming UDP packet rate is around
> 24K/s. Maybe an experienced Erlang developer here can remember that
> problem and can tell whether Erlang is now optimized to poll for
> network packets more often or not..
>
> I also concerned async pool since there was fairly high work in Erlang
> work with pthread but found those threads just used for file IO
> operations.  I didn't found any assuring documentation about this, just
> saw the only user of this dirty IO thing is `io.c` in otp source code.
> I'm very grateful if anyone clear the usage and effect of this pool.
>
>
> I made flame graphs of function calls both inside VM (using eflame2
> [2]) which is very even and cannot find any outstanding usage [3]. And
> made another flamegraph of perf report outside of VM which cannot find
> some symbols [4].  I doubt whether process_main shoud take that much
> work itself or not.  Apparently encryption and decryption (enacl_nif
> calls) didn't take much time too.
>
> Do you have any suggestion for me to analyze better my software and
> understand VM working?  Is It those limits I should expect and there is
> not more room for optimizations?
>
> Thanks in advance
>
> 1: http://erlang.org/pipermail/erlang-questions/2012-July/067868.html
> 2: https://github.com/slfritchie/eflame
> 3: http://file.reith.ir/in-erl-3k.gif
> 4: http://file.reith.ir/out-erl-perf.svg (interactive, use web browser)
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