[erlang-questions] preserving state through a gen_server restart

Dominic Williams <>
Tue Oct 23 11:42:05 CEST 2012


Hi Ivan,

Le 19 oct. 2012 à 17:03, Ivan Uemlianin a écrit :

> Dear All
> 
> I have an erlang/OTP application consisting mostly of gen_servers.  One repeated pattern is having a gateway/aggregate gen_server process that provides access (and other management) to individual gen_server processes, e.g.:
> 
>              my_sup
>                 |
>              my_lambs
>             /        \      \
>        my_lamb     my_lamb    my_lamb    ...
> 
> my_lambs' state variable holds a dictionary {LambName: LambPid} and among other functions it allows me to call lambs by name instead of my Pid.
> 
> If my_lambs terminates normally --- e.g., if the whole application is closing down --- its terminate/s function can call my:lamb:stop for each of the processes in its care.
> 
> However, if my_lambs terminates abnormally, and is restarted by my_sup, I think I'd like to preserve its state variable --- at least the Pids of the my_lamb processes --- so that it can be passed on to the new version of my_lambs.
> 
> I'd like to avoid losing all of the my_lamb processes, if the my_lambs process crashes.
> 
> Can state be passed to the supervisor, to be used when it restarts its child?
> 
> Could I park the state variable in some kind of holding process, so that the new my_lambs can retrieve it?
> 
> Or is there another way of doing this?
> 
> With thanks and best wishes
> 
> Ivan

I usually achieve this by inverting the dependency: the N my_lamb workers come and register themselves with the my_lambs gateway (which they find by name). If you put this registration in a gen_server timeout, then they do it when they become idle, which is going to happen if the original my_lambs dies and stops passing stuff to them.

Best regards,
Dominic Williams
http://dominicwilliams.net


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