[erlang-questions] zip for N lists?

Ivan Uemlianin <>
Fri Oct 19 14:43:01 CEST 2012


Thanks!!  That's a good bit faster again.  It does have a very Haskelly 
look to it.

Best wishes

Ivan


On 19/10/2012 13:30, Daniel Goertzen wrote:
> Here is one that I use.  My comments say that it comes from Haskell, but
> I seem to remember that I got the Erlang translation from this mailing list.
>
>
> % transpose a matrix represented as list of lists
> % aka "zip" list of lists
> % This implementation originates from Haskell
> transpose([[X | Xs] | Xss]) ->
> [[X | [H || [H | _] <- Xss]]
> | transpose([Xs | [T || [_ | T] <- Xss]])];
> transpose([[] | Xss]) -> transpose(Xss);
> transpose([]) -> [];
>
> transpose(Tuple) when is_tuple(Tuple) ->  % wrapper to emulate zip
> Xs = transpose(tuple_to_list(Tuple)),
> [list_to_tuple(X) || X <- Xs].
>
>
> Dan.
>
>
>
>
> On Fri, Oct 19, 2012 at 4:17 AM, Ivan Uemlianin <
> <mailto:>> wrote:
>
>     Dear All
>
>     Erlang provides lists:zip/2 and /3 for zipping together two or three
>     lists.  Is there anything ready available for zipping together
>     arbitrarily many lists?  e.g., taking a list of lists as its input,
>
>          zipN([[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9],__[10,11,12]]) ->
>              [[1,4,7,10],[2,5,8,11],[3,6,9,__12]].
>
>     If not, I cooked up the following:
>
>          zip_lol([[]|_]) ->
>              [];
>          zip_lol(Lols) ->
>              {Lohs, Lots} = lists:foldl(fun([H|T], {Hs,Ts}) ->
>                                             {[H|Hs],[T|Ts]}
>                                         end,
>                                         {[],[]},
>                                         Lols),
>              [lists:reverse(Lohs) | zip_lol(Lots)].
>
>     This doesn't quite work, as only every other Lohs seems to need
>     reversing:
>
>          zip_lol([[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,__9],[10,11,12]]) ->
>             [[1,4,7,10],[11,8,5,2],[3,6,9,__12]].
>
>     Actually, it's enough for my purposes, as I only need the sum of
>     each loh, so I can use:
>
>          zipwith_lol(_, [[]|_]) ->
>              [];
>          zipwith_lol(Fun, Lols) ->
>              {Lohs, Lots} = lists:foldl(fun([H|T], {Hs,Ts}) ->
>                                             {[H|Hs],[T|Ts]}
>                                         end,
>                                         {[],[]},
>                                         Lols),
>              [Fun(Lohs) | zipwith_lol(Fun, Lots)].
>
>          zip_lol([[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,__9],[10,11,12]]) ->
>              [22,26,30].
>
>     What concerns me is performance.  My lols are likely to be quite
>     large: 10 to 20 lists, and each list could be 100k+ integers long
>     (if it were Haskell each list would be one of those lazy infinite
>     list stream things).
>
>     Is the fold the right way to do this, or have I missed something
>     that would do the job faster?
>
>     With thanks and best wishes
>
>     Ivan


-- 
============================================================
Ivan A. Uemlianin PhD
Llaisdy
Speech Technology Research and Development

                     
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