# [erlang-questions] A matter of style?

Iñaki Garay <>
Sat Aug 14 20:46:38 CEST 2010

```Of course, how did I not think of that?
Thank you all for the replies.

2010/8/14 Björn Gustavsson <>:
> On Fri, Aug 13, 2010 at 5:11 PM, Iñaki Garay <> wrote:
>> within(X, Y, Z, Xmin, Ymin, Zmin, Xmax, Ymax, Zmax) ->
>>    (Xmin =< X) and
>>    (X =< Xmax) and
>>    (Ymin =< Y) and
>>    (Y =< Ymax) and
>>    (Zmin =< Z) and
>>    (Z =< Zmax).
>
> Written like this, all conditions will be evaluated every time,
> even if a condition has evaluated to false.
>
> To ensure that the function returns false as soon as one
> condition evaluates to false, rewrite it like this:
>
> within(X, Y, Z, Xmin, Ymin, Zmin, Xmax, Ymax, Zmax) ->
>   Xmin =< X andalso
>   X =< Xmax andalso
>   Ymin =< Y andalso
>   Y =< Ymax andalso
>   Zmin =< Z andalso
>   Z =< Zmax.
>
> Alternately, it can be written like this:
>
> within(X, Y, Z, Xmin, Ymin, Zmin, Xmax, Ymax, Zmax) when
> Xmin =< X, X =< Xmax, Ymin =< Y,
> Y =< Ymax, Zmin =< Z, Z =< Zmax ->
>    true;
> within(_, _, _, _, _, _, _, _, _) ->
>    false.
>
> In general, boolean expressions in guards will
> be short-circuited unless that would break
> the semantics. For instance, in this function
>
> f(A, B) when (length(A) > 5) or (length(B) > 10) ->
>    ok.
>
> both length(A) and length(B) will always be
> evaluated.
>
> --
> Björn Gustavsson, Erlang/OTP, Ericsson AB
>

--
Iñaki Garay.

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