another bounds example - catched by normal compile but not by dialyzer

Tobias Lindahl <>
Tue Jun 27 09:51:31 CEST 2006


Roger Larsson wrote:
> Furter experimentation:
> * Static checking of array bounds is a simpler problem than handling dynamic 
> lists.
> So, lets try the same kind of errors with tuples.
> 
> Normal compile detects these simple cases. But dialyzer
> return some strange messages.
> At least the dialyzer output is hard to decipher...
> 
> 	-module(bounds).
> 	-export([detect/0, wrong_match/0]).
> 
> 	detect() -> element(4, {1, 2, 3}).
> 	wrong_match() -> {_, _, _, _} = {1, 2, 3}.
> 
> 
>>erl
> 
> 1> c(bounds).
> ./bounds.erl:4: Warning: this expression would cause a 'badarg' exception at 
> run-time
> ./bounds.erl:5: Warning: this clause cannot match because of different 
> types/sizes
> {ok,bounds}
> 
> 
>>dialyzer (from source)
> 
> {bounds,detect,0}: Function has no local return
> {bounds,wrong_match,0}: Function has no local return

Strangely enough the problem is that the error is too easy to find ;-)

The BEAM compiler finds the problem and simply removes it, leaving only 
the exception. Since Dialyzer first compiles the code to an internal 
format and then perform the analysis on this code, it only finds that 
there is no non-exception return for the functions and warns about this.

This is indeed a problem, but not a very severe one since you get the 
warning from the compiler.

Tobias

> 
> /RogerL



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