[erlang-bugs] Mac OS X - trunc for large float causes ERTS_FP_CHECK_INIT at [...]: detected unhandled FPE at [...]

Bob Ippolito <>
Wed May 4 01:48:20 CEST 2011


On Tue, May 3, 2011 at 3:35 PM, Mikael Pettersson <> wrote:
> On Tue, 3 May 2011 07:18:34 -0700, Bob Ippolito <> wrote:
>> On Tue, May 3, 2011 at 1:04 AM, Mikael Pettersson <> wrote:
>> > Bob Ippolito writes:
>> > =C2=A0> I only see this error on Mac OS X. I have not been able to reprod=
>> uce in Linux.
>> > =C2=A0>
>> > =C2=A0> Here's an example, any number larger than 16#7ffffffffffffe00 wil=
>> l
>> > =C2=A0> cause this error.
>> > =C2=A0>
>> > =C2=A0> Erlang R14B02 (erts-5.8.3) [source] [64-bit] [smp:4:4] [rq:4]
>> > =C2=A0> [async-threads:4] [hipe] [kernel-poll:true]
>> > =C2=A0>
>> > =C2=A0> Eshell V5.8.3 =C2=A0(abort with ^G)
>> > =C2=A0> 1> trunc(16#7ffffffffffffdff * 1.0).
>> > =C2=A0> 9223372036854774784
>> > =C2=A0> 2> trunc(16#7ffffffffffffdff * 1.0).
>> > =C2=A0> 9223372036854774784
>> > =C2=A0> 3> trunc(16#7ffffffffffffe00 * 1.0).
>> > =C2=A0> 9223372036854775808
>> > =C2=A0> 4> trunc(16#7ffffffffffffe00 * 1.0).
>> > =C2=A0> ERTS_FP_CHECK_INIT at 0x10086210: detected unhandled FPE at
>> > =C2=A0> 0x19223372036854775808
>> > =C2=A0> 5> trunc(16#7ffffffffffffe00 * 1.0).
>> > =C2=A0> ERTS_FP_CHECK_INIT at 0x10086210: detected unhandled FPE at
>> > =C2=A0> 0x19223372036854775808
>> > =C2=A0> 6> io:format("~s~n", [os:cmd("uname -a")]).
>> > =C2=A0> Darwin ba.local 10.7.0 Darwin Kernel Version 10.7.0: Sat Jan 29
>> > =C2=A0> 15:17:16 PST 2011; root:xnu-1504.9.37~1/RELEASE_I386 i386
>> > =C2=A0>
>> > =C2=A0> Here's another example:
>> > =C2=A0>
>> > =C2=A0> Erlang R14B02 (erts-5.8.3) [source] [64-bit] [smp:4:4] [rq:4]
>> > =C2=A0> [async-threads:4] [hipe] [kernel-poll:true]
>> > =C2=A0>
>> > =C2=A0> Eshell V5.8.3 =C2=A0(abort with ^G)
>> > =C2=A0> 1> <<F/float>> =3D <<67,224,0,0,0,0,0,0>>, trunc(F).
>> > =C2=A0> 9223372036854775808
>> > =C2=A0> 2> <<F/float>> =3D <<67,224,0,0,0,0,0,0>>, trunc(F).
>> > =C2=A0> ERTS_FP_CHECK_INIT at 0x10083e24: detected unhandled FPE at
>> > =C2=A0> 0x19223372036854775808
>> > =C2=A0> 3> <<F/float>> =3D <<67,224,0,0,0,0,0,0>>, trunc(F).
>> > =C2=A0> ERTS_FP_CHECK_INIT at 0x10083e24: detected unhandled FPE at
>> > =C2=A0> 0x19223372036854775808
>> >
>> > It means that the code at 0x19223372036854775808 in the
>> > Erlang VM needs to use the proper ERTS_FP_CHECK_<foo> macros.
>> >
>> > Please attach gdb (or whatever debugger Darwin uses) to a running
>> > Erlang VM and disassemble the code at 0x19223372036854775808.
>> > We need to know the name of the enclosing function, and preferably
>> > also the actual instruction sequence that throws the FPE. If gdb
>> > can show the exact original source code line then that's even better.
>> >
>> > If this is in libc rather than the Erlang VM itself, then we need
>> > a call trace to identify which code in the VM called out to this
>> > FP-throwing code. =C2=A0For that you should probably plant a breakpoint
>> > at 0x19223372036854775808 and then evaluate one of those Erlang
>> > expressions above to trigger the FPE.
>> >
>>
>> Well, it's actually saying 0x1, the result of the trunc is
>> 9223372036854775808  and the message string is truncated to 64
>> characters which is not enough to show it all. Perhaps the buffer size
>> in erts_fp_check_init_error should be adjusted.
>
> Something in your terminal or email client ate a \r\n sequence after the
> 0x1 from erts_fp_check_init_error() making it appear glued together with
> the 9223372036854775808 that the erlang prompt printed.

Not my terminal or email client, this is a bug in
erts_fp_check_init_error. It only allocates a 64 byte buffer for the
error message. The pointer address and the \r\n are eaten because the
buffer is too small to fit the whole error message. buf[64] is too
small... the format string itself is already 57 chars (including the
NULL).

void erts_fp_check_init_error(volatile unsigned long *fpexnp)
{
    char buf[64];
    snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "ERTS_FP_CHECK_INIT at %p: detected
unhandled FPE at %p\r\n",
         __builtin_return_address(0), (void*)*fpexnp);


> That 0x1 means that the #ifdef tests in erts/emulator/sys/unix/sys_float.c
> failed to enable the proper sigaction-style SIGFPE handler in your Erlang
> VM build, and instead fell back to a very primitive plain SIGFPE handler.
> If you run gdb or objdump on your Erlang VM (the beam.smp executable not
> the erl frontend) I bet you won't find an fpe_sig_action() function but
> a smallish fpe_sig_handler() one instead.
>
> The machine-specific fpe_sig_action() handler is absolutely mandatory for
> reliable FP exceptions.

Maybe you missed it in my previous email, it's not 0x1, it is
0x10025433. I showed that by breaking at the function that prints the
error.
Breakpoint 1, erts_fp_check_init_error (fpexnp=0x110f2528) at
sys/unix/sys_float.c:87
87      {
(gdb) p (void*)*fpexnp
$1 = (void *) 0x10025433

There is a fpe_sig_action, and no fpe_sig_handler.

$ gdb beam.smp
GNU gdb 6.3.50-20050815 (Apple version gdb-1469) (Wed May  5 04:36:56 UTC 2010)
Copyright 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
GDB is free software, covered by the GNU General Public License, and you are
welcome to change it and/or distribute copies of it under certain conditions.
Type "show copying" to see the conditions.
There is absolutely no warranty for GDB.  Type "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "x86_64-apple-darwin"...Reading symbols for
shared libraries .... done

(gdb) list fpe_sig_action
523	#elif defined(__sun__) && defined(__x86_64__)
524	#define mc_pc(mc)	((mc)->gregs[REG_RIP])
525	#endif
526	
527	static void fpe_sig_action(int sig, siginfo_t *si, void *puc)
528	{
529	    ucontext_t *uc = puc;
530	    unsigned long pc;
531	
532	#if defined(__linux__)
(gdb) list fpe_sig_handler
Function "fpe_sig_handler" not defined.


> The bug then is that the C compiler on your Mac OS X didn't set up the
> proper preprocessor symbols so that the sigaction-style handler could
> be enabled.
>
> What does `gcc -E -dM -xc /dev/null | sort' say? (For 'gcc' substitute
> whatever compiler and extra compiler options you used to build Erlang.)

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#define __FLT_DENORM_MIN__ 1.40129846e-45F
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#define __FLT_MAX__ 3.40282347e+38F
#define __FLT_MIN_10_EXP__ (-37)
#define __FLT_MIN_EXP__ (-125)
#define __FLT_MIN__ 1.17549435e-38F
#define __FLT_RADIX__ 2
#define __GNUC_GNU_INLINE__ 1
#define __GNUC_MINOR__ 2
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#define __LDBL_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __LDBL_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __LDBL_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
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#define __LDBL_MAX_10_EXP__ 4932
#define __LDBL_MAX_EXP__ 16384
#define __LDBL_MAX__ 1.18973149535723176502e+4932L
#define __LDBL_MIN_10_EXP__ (-4931)
#define __LDBL_MIN_EXP__ (-16381)
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#define __VERSION__ "4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5664)"
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#define __amd64 1
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#define __weak __attribute__((objc_gc(weak)))
#define __x86_64 1
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-bob


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